Throughout this policy, the term ‘Lighthouse’ shall be taken to mean, collectively:
Lighthouse Beaconsfield, Registered Charity No. 1151896
Lighthouse Bourne End, Registered Charity No 1180779
Lighthouse Burnham, Registered Charity No. 1182190
Lighthouse Cressex, Registered Charity No. 1183476
Lighthouse Hazlemere, Registered Charity No. 1178562
Lighthouse High Wycombe, Registered Charity No. 1114541
Lighthouse Langley, Registered Charity No 1181000
Lighthouse Mansfield, Registered Charity No. 1164680
Lighthouse Marlow, Registered Charity No. 1178062
Lighthouse Princes Risborough, Registered Charity No. 1178119
Lighthouse Thame & Villages, Registered Charity No 1179483
Lighthouse Central, Registered Charity No. 1169839
There is no specific guidance about supervision ratios for organisations that are not in the education or early years sectors however we look at best practice in similar areas.
Ofsted: As Lighthouse is a holiday club Ofsted ratios do not apply. Lighthouse is not required to register with Osted because we intend to: Care for children aged under eight from particular premises for 14 days or less in any year and (we) notify (Ofsted) in writing at least 14 days before starting the provision
The Department for Education (DfE) publishes guidance for early years providers ie creche age children which sets out statutory requirements about adult to child ratios (DfE, 2017). Key points include:
- volunteer arrangements must meet the needs of all children and ensure their safety
- children must usually be within both sight and hearing of volunteers and always within at least either sight or hearing
- only those aged 17 or over may be included in ratios (and staff under 17 should be supervised at all times)
- Ratios: 0 - 2 years - one adult to three children/2 - 3 years - one adult to four children
NSPCC: The NSPCC 1 has recently put together some best practice guidance to help other organisations work out how many adults are needed to supervise children safely.
They recommend having at least two adults present when working with or supervising children and young people with the following adult to child ratios as the minimum numbers to help keep children safe:
- 4 - 8 years - one adult to six children
- 9 - 12 years - one adult to eight children
- 13 - 18 years - one adult to ten children
If young people are helping to supervise younger children only people aged 18 or over should be included as adults when calculating adult to child ratios.
Church of England: The Diocese of Oxford 2 in their Parish Safeguarding Handbook 2018 follows the NSPCC ratios.
2. Lighthouse Policy Statement
- Each Lighthouse group of children should be no larger than 15 children, with one Lighthouse Keeper and at least two Lamplighters in attendance
Note: if 2 x LL is an adult equivalent, ratios are met
- A Lighthouse Keeper must be aged 18 or over, except in exceptional circumstances where they are known to the local Lighthouse Management Team and Trustees, notwithstanding this no Lighthouse Keeper should be under the age of 16
- All volunteers from the age of 16 upwards will have a DBS check carried out
- In a Discovery/teaching session Lighthouse Keepers should not take a break to ensure ratios are maintained unless another adult is present in a supervisory role eg: Age Group Leader etc
- No person under the age of 18 years should be left in sole charge of a group of children at Lighthouse, an adult Lighthouse Keeper from another group should be supervising the young person
- Creche: For those Lighthouses that operate a Creche for Volunteers children the DfE ratio for 0-3 year old children should be adhered to at all times:
0 - 2 years - one adult to three children
2 - 3 years - one adult to four children
- Sport/Drama/Craft – for activities across an Age Group there should be one team member per Lighthouse group ie: 7 x Age Group 8 Lighthouses = 7 Sports team members
- 10+ year groups should adhere to the Church of England ratio of 1 adult to 8 children
- Staff ratios for all groups should always be based on a risk assessment. For example, staffing numbers would need to be increased for outdoor activities and more so if that activity is considered higher risk, potentially dangerous or when children with disabilities or special needs are involved.